* Osama bin Laden was born on 03/10/1957 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, to a wealthy Sunni Muslim family well connected to the Royal Saudi Court. Osama bin Laden learned in the elite Al-Thager Model School in Jeddah in the years 1968-1976 and studied there also basic English. He married in 1974 his first wife, his Mothers’ brother daughter – Najwa. 

 In the years 1976-1979 Osama bin Laden was a student in the King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah and learned business administration. During that time he was influenced by the books of the Egyptian Sayyid Qutb , the Muslims Brotherhood s’ mentor and the Palestinian Dr’ Abdullah Azzam who preached pan-Islamic ideology.

Osama bin Laden later married another 3 wives, all were university lecturers, and had about 20 children (the exact number is unknown). One of his children, Saad Bin Laden , became later one of Al Qaeda s’ leader himself.  In 1981 Osama bin Laden was recruited to the Saudi Arabian Intelligence service and in collaboration with the CIA was sent to Peshawar, Pakistan, to facilitate the flow of Muslim Arab volunteers to the war against the Soviets in Afghanistan.

In Peshawar Osama bin Laden met Dr’ Abdullah Azzam for the first time, Together Osama bin Laden and Dr’ Abdullah Azzam opened a travel agency, Maktab al-khidamat , to cover the massive move of Muslim volunteers to Afghanistan. At that time Osama bin Laden became more and more fanatic in his expressions. 

Osama bin Laden went back to Saudi Arabia in 1986. Because he was already known as a fanatic Muslim he was put under home arrest and supervision of Saudi Arabian authority. Thanks to his connections Osama bin Laden got permission to leave Saudi Arabia and he returned to Afghanistan in 1987 where he met Ayman Al Zawahiri. Together with Ayman Al Zawahiri,  Dr’ Abdullah Azzam, Mamdouh Mahmud Salim and Abu Ubaidah al-Banshiri Osama bin Laden founded in 08/1988 a new support formation “the base” for the Mujahidin in Afghanistan – later known as ” Al Qaeda ” . When the war in Afghanistan ended Osama bin Laden returned to Saudi Arabia in 1989.

Before and during the first Gulf War in January 1991 against Iraq Osama bin Laden sharply criticized the Saudi authority for permitting USA troops to use the holy Muslim country, Saudi Arabia, for their bases, to fight other Muslims in Iraq. Osama bin Laden instead offered his Afghan veterans to launch a guerrilla campaign against the Iraqi Army in Kuwait.  Under the Saudi authority pressure Osama bin Laden moved in 1991 to Khartoum, Sudan.

In Sudan Osama bin Laden earned millions as a contractor working with the government of Sudan but his main occupation was to build, from the foundation, a new Al Qaeda as an international Muslim terror network. In Sudan Osama bin Laden met hundreds of delegations from all over the Muslim world, Afghan war veterans, EGYPTIAN Islamic Jihad fleeing from Egypt and other frustrated Muslim. Osama bin Laden renewed his contacts from Afghanistan, especially with figures like Ayman Al Zawahiri or Mohammed Atef . 

In 09/02/1996, after the 06/25/1996 attack on a USA military compound in east Saudi Arabia, the Khobar Towers , Osama bin Laden issued a public declaration of war in the ‘ Al Islam ‘ newspaper in London, of Jihad against the United States military in the Middle East and against USA collaborators – the Saudi Arabian regime. Under the pressure of Saudi Arabia and USA Osama bin Laden was forced to leave Sudan and in the end of 1996 he left Sudan, in a well planned and executed operation, with all his staff and family members to Jalalabad, Afghanistan.

On 02/23/1998, while in Afghanistan, Osama bin Laden and his deputy Ayman Al Zawahiri, along with Rifaai Taha, Maulana Fazlur Rehman Khalil and Sheikh Mir Hamza, secretary of the Jamiat-ul-Ulema-e-Pakistan, issued a Fatwah (an Islamic religious statement) under the title ” The World Islamic Front for Jihad against the Jews and Crusaders ” through the Al Quds Al Arabi news paper in London. The Fatwah was a war declaration against the West, the Jews and against all those who fight true Muslims in the world.  The Fatwah became the Al Qaeda manifest. 

In 1999 local tribes, operated under CIA command, targeted Osama bin Laden in Tarnak farm north of Kandahar, one of Al Qaeda s’ training camp, but the mission was canceled as not to risk innocent people.    On 07/2001, just two months before The 9/11 , when Osama bin Laden was already on the FBIs’ Most Wanted list, because of the attack on USA embassy in Kenya and Tanzania on 08/07/1998, Osama bin Laden was admitted for an operation in the American Hospital in Dubai. Rather than to arrest him he was interviewed by the local CIA head of station. The meeting was later described as a form of “negotiation”. A day before The 9/11, on the 9/10, Osama bin Laden was in Rawalpindi, Pakistan, in a military hospital for dialysis treatment.

After The 9/11 the USA invaded Afghanistan in Operation “Absolute Justice” on 11/2001. Osama bin Laden managed to escape after a raid on his hideout in Tora Bora on 12/2001.

Osama bin Laden is, probably, somewhere in the tribal FATA area in North Pakistan or Afghanistan protected by local zealot tribes and, most likely, by segments of the notorious Pakistani intelligence ISI. Osama bin Laden medical condition is an enigma. From time to time he broadcasts audiotapes referring to actual events. 

Osama bin Laden was killed, eventually,  by U.S forces in Pakistan, on Sunday 05/01/2011 night, in the town of Abbottabad, 100km North-East of Islamabad, Pakistan’s capital (see Abbottabad Raid).

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