The 21st Century Phenomenon

JAMAAT-UD-DAWA (Falah-i-Insaniyat)


In 1987 Hafiz Muhammad Saeed along with some Salafi colleagues founded in Lahore, Pakistan the Jumaat-Ud-Dawa association (known as JUD)and its center – theMarkaz Dawa-Wal-Irshad (the Center for Repentance and Propagation) that has drawn great financial support from Saudi Arabia. Eventually Jumaat-Ud-Dawa became the breeding ground and the main source for volunteers and recruits for Lashkar-e-Toiba – LeT, one of the most radical Islamic groups, which operated against India over the Kashmir crisis in the next years. 

After the designation of Lashkar-e-Toiba – LeT as a terror organization, the group was banned in 01/2002 by the Pakistani government. Ever since 2002 the Pakistan government categorically denies providing any support to Lashkar-e-Toiba. But LeT, actually, continued to operate under the umbrella of Jumaat-Ud-Dawa (JUD), which remained legal. 

According to a media report, the JUD was accused by the USA of being the front group for the prime suspects of the Mumbai Carnage, in 11/2008.

On 12/07/2008, under pressure from USA and India, Pakistani army launched an operation against LeT and raided a markaz (centre) of the LeT at Shawai Nullah, 5 km from Muzaffarabad in Pakistan-controlled Azad Kashmir (see – Mangla Dam).

On 12/10/2008 India formally requested the UN Security Council to designate Jumaat-Ud-Dawa –JUD as a terrorist organization.

After the designation of Jumaat-Ud-Dawah (JUD) under UN resolution 1267, the government, on receiving communication from the UN Security Council, should proscribe the JUD and take other consequential actions, as required, including the freezing of assets. 

Before the ban Jumaat-Ud-Dawah -JUD ran a weekly newspaper named Ghazwah, two monthly magazines called Majalla Tud Dawaa and Zarb e Taiba, and a fortnightly magazine for children, Nanhe Mujahid. The publications have since been banned by the Pakistani government. In addition to the prohibition of JUD’s print publications, the organization’s websites were also shut down by the Pakistani government. 

After the ban imposed by UN, Hindu and Christian minority groups in Pakistan came out in support of JUD. The groups said that Jumaat-Ud-Dawah does charity work such as setting up water wells in desert regions and providing food to the poor. JUD was the first to react to the Kashmir earthquake and the Ziarat Earthquake and used to run over 160 schools with thousands of students and provided aid in hospitals as well. 

In 01/2009 the JUD spokesperson, Abdullah Muntazir, stressed that the group did not have Global jihadist aspirations and would welcome a peaceful resolution of the Kashmir issue.

In response to the UN resolution and the government ban, the JUD reorganized itself under the name of Tehrik-e-Tahafuz Qibla Awal (TTQA). In 05/2009 yet another ephemeral organization – Falah-i-Insaniyat (Humanitarian Relief) has resurfaced, with the former JUD activists and the same management, as a charity organization providing food and other relief to the thousands of people fleeing the fighting in Swat District of Pakistan’s North-West Frontier Province – NWFP (see – Swat-Crisis).

Reports have identified the group’s leader as Hafiz Abdur Rauf, a former head of Jumaat-Ud-Dawah’s humanitarian wing. In many south Punjab towns and villages, government sources said, the Falah-i-Insaniyat label has been used to keep open Lashkar-e-Toiba offices. 


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