The 21st Century Phenomenon



From the very beginning of the so-called “Arab Spring” it was more a redefinition of the Arab world, actually defined by the colonial powers before World War II. It was about genuine desires, aspirations and about the status of Islam as a political power and not about democratization as the Western Democracies wished to see it (see – Green-Curtain).

One of the outcomes is the split of the Arab society in the Middle East to its original ingredients and original political formations as it was prior to World War I (see – MEAST INGREDIENTS). As the LIbyan Civil- War breached out and the Western powers seized the opportunity to get rid of the Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi, NATO preferred to ignore that the the conflict in Libya was primarily between the Eastern province of Cyrenaica, with Benghazi as its capital, and Tripolitania in the West.

Indeed since the fall of Gaddafi’s regime in 10/2011 and the capture of his son Saif al-Islam Gaddafi near Bani Walid, on 11/19/2011, by the Zintan militia, Libya remained controlled by regional militias, human rights abuses and violation remained wide spread , journalist were arrested and threatened by local militia chiefs and the Libyan National Transitional Council – NTC remained divided and with no real control even on Benghazi or Tripoli, not to mention the rest of Libya. Libya was heading to a Somalia-like total chaos and disintegration.

Therefore there is no wonder that civic leaders in Cyrenaica, East Libya, on Tuesday 03/06/2012, have called for semi-autonomy for the oil-rich region. They made the announcement at a meeting attended by hundreds of people near the eastern city of Benghazi. Supporters of the move say the region, once known as Cyrenaica and which contains much of the country’s oil, has been, allegedly, neglected for decades.

The meeting of the Congress of the People of Cyrenaica, comprised from Tribal leaders and local militia commanders, was held in a hanger on the outskirts of Benghazi, and delegates danced and chanted slogans in support of federalism. They said they had appointed Ahmed al-Zubair, Libya’s longest-serving political prisoner under Col Muammar Gaddafi and a member of the NTC, as leader of their governing council. Ahmed al-Zubair pledged to protect the rights of the region but added that the council would recognise the NTC to run Libya’s foreign affairs, the Associated Press reported.

Congress spokesman Their Elheiri told the BBC they were simply reverting to a constitutional agreement from the 1950s, which divided Libya into three states – Cyrenaica, Tripolitania and Fezzan – and gave Cyrenaica a large degree of autonomy. He said the move had the support of the local army as well as political and tribal leaders.

It is assumed that the international community will continue to support Libya’s unity and integrity but will accept a sort of autonomy similar to the Kurdish autonomy in North-Eastern Iraq, which has its own flag, own army, own administration and own political system under the umbrella of the Iraqi state (see – IRAQI CONCERN).

In response Libyan temporary leader Mustafa Abdel Jalil said he will defend national unity “with force” after tribal leaders and a political faction declared that the east would become a semi-autonomous region. “We are not prepared to divide Libya,” Jalil said on Tuesday night, calling on eastern leaders to engage in dialogue and warning them against remnants of the former regime in their ranks. A smell of yet another Libyan civil war is already in the air.


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